Since the current United States President Donald Trump stepped into office, he has made significant changes in the government as well as his administration.
Changes have been made across all sectors including the energy industry through changes in fracking procedures. The Trump administration has impacted all states which also include New York which regulates the number of energy resources extracted.
There is also the process of opening new public lands to encourage fracking as a means of producing more oil and natural gas.
Trumps Change Of Previous Fracking Policies
Trump fracking policy has been put in place through the changing of the Obama 2015 rule on hydraulic fracturing across all states. However, Trump administration through the Interior Department’s Bureau of Land and Management announced publicly about appealing the Obama administration policy.
The repeal also involves environment policies to allow extraction of more fossil fuels and other related energy resources in the country.
The primary goal of Trump’s administration repeal is to remove the regulation standards set on production of energy on both the federal and Indian lands.
The 2015 rule was created to ensure controlled fracking which uses high-pressure fluids to force oil and natural gas from underground to the surface.
Environmentalists have argued that the fracking boom will encourage the destruction of underground water, air, and soils, therefore, threatening human and wildlife health. More so, the Trump administration looks to push forward with the final repeal to allow fracking across all the state governments in the country.
Development of Fresh Fracking Fields
When President Donald Trump was elected, he promised to improve the American energy sector by encouraging rolling back policies on oil and gas extraction which will create jobs and rebuild the forgotten energy communities.
Among them, is the opening of a massive row of land in the State of California to fracking as announced by the Bureau of Land Management to the Federal Register: The Trump administration aims at analyzing the impact hydraulic fracturing may contain on public lands around the state of California.
The administration will generate a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement that includes the scoping process on the impact of fracking on the environment. Despite various criticisms on president Trump’s administration on fracking, the federal government is strategizing on multiple areas to generate more energy while working according to the environmental standards. Recently, president Trump criticized the Golden State who has made complaints about the environmental standards set.
What Is The Current Status Of Fracking In California?
Fracking entails fracturing rock formations to allow pressurized oil and natural gas to be collected near the soil surface for extraction. With thousands of hydraulic fracturing procedures in Central California, the Bureau of Land Management in their office in Bakersfield received over eight thousand faxes, emails, and letters concerning fracking boom. The primary concern entailed the quality of air and water of the area, quantity of water available, seismicity and wildlife status. During the thirty-day public comment period, the office received numerous complaints from different regions in California concerning water condition.
Impacts of Fracking on the Natural Environment
Despite the Trump administration overlooking on the impacts of hydraulic fracturing on the environment, the process promotes the generation of more energy which guarantees thousands of job opportunities.
However, environmental effects as the most common problems arising from fracking which impact water, soil, air, wildlife and the change in climate in general.
Fracking Impact on Water
Fracking frequently utilizes toxic substances such as naphthalene, trimethylbenzene, and methanol which the majority is cancer causing agents according to the Endocrine Disruption Exchange research.
The quality of water remains widely threatened with these chemicals finding their way into aquifers and underground rivers which are considered drinking waters.
Fracking Impact on Air
There are multiple pieces of evidence on the pollution caused by fracking on air through the release of petroleum hydrocarbons such as xylene.
These chemicals increase ground-level ozone resulting in respiratory problems according to the Colorado School of Public Health research. Besides, the pollutants may be generated from fracking water dumped as waste which later evaporates into the air.
Fracking Impact on Wildlife
The most commonly affected animals are the California condo and blunt-nosed leopard lizard which live where fracking is frequently done. The animals can be harmed and killed through various ways such as when expanding the process to cover more extensive areas on public lands.
Fracking like most industrial processes releases significant amounts of dangerous substances such as methane to the atmosphere.
Again, the exposure of fossil deposits and heavy crude oils like that of California contributes to increasing CFC gases to the atmosphere.
These gases expand the amount of heat trapped hence contributing to climate change and consequently global warming.